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New website offers instant quote on printed carrier bags

Carrier bagsRetailers looking for personalised printed carrier bags will no longer have to wait for a quote on production costs thanks to a brand new online instant quote system - the first of its kind in the UK.

The feature has been developed by Polybags, one of the UK's leading polythene packaging manufacturers, and provides customers with a real-time instant quote on their order, 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

A simple order form on their website - - provides customers with five simple choices on their printed carrier bag order: quantity, bag size, bag and ink colours and how many sides of the bag they wish to feature their design, which may include logos, slogans or other company branding.

Customers then just enter a few personal details, click 'Confirm' and their personalised quote is generated in seconds, with the price displayed on the screen and also emailed to the customer for their records. The whole process takes less than 60 seconds.

The instant quote system is the first of its kind in the UK and marks a significant development in the printed carrier bag market, where customers have until now had to complete an order form and await a callback during office hours to discuss their requirements. Customers who once might have waited a whole weekend to receive a quote, can now get one any time of day, 365 days a year.

According to the Polybags website, their new printed carrier service is "simple, fast &cheap", with the new instant quote system just part of a new streamlined order process, from website to production line.

With just five popular sizes to choose from, all made from 55 micron (220 gauge) polythene for smoother, thicker bags, Polybags are offering quality printed carriers from as little as 4p a bag - the lowest prices available on the web.

New anti-slip board breakthrough for transit packaging

Enviro-lite anti-slip boardA revolutionary new anti-slip board is set to shake up the world of fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) transit.

The packaging breakthrough has been created by Dufaylite, the UK's number one manufacturer of recycled paper honeycomb, as part of their expanding Envirolite range of secure transit packaging.

Created using the brand's signature honeycomb technology, the anti-slip board features a coating on the surface of paper, allowing for slip angles of up to 45 degrees.

Ideal for layer pads used in FMCG transit pallet packaging, the anti-slip board will help to improve the shipment process for many companies and suppliers by offering a more secure base to maintain product integrity during transit.

Ashley Moscrop, Group Director at Dufaylite, said: "Slipping and movement of layer pads in FMCG pallet packaging proves to be a daily challenge for suppliers and contractors in the industry, so we're thrilled to be able to launch the anti-slip board, which is a more secure transit alternative."

The new product is fully recyclable through traditional cardboard waste streams, offering the eco-friendly benefits that are synonymous with the Envirolite range.

To find out more visit

Bags of Christmas cheer for packaging buyers!

Mailing bags for ChristmasWith the busy Christmas period now upon us, polythene and packaging retailers are offering incredible loss-leader deals on some of their staple products.

In the UK, sites like and are offering vouchers for a free box of Santa's favourite bin bags, while manufacturer and online-retailer Polybags are getting into the festive spirit by offering huge discounts on some of their most popular products raising a few eyebrows with worried competitors with offers currently including:

  • 20% off 100% recycled blue vest carrier bags
  • 30% off best-value heavy duty mailing bags
  • 40% off black security mailing bags
  • 40% off extra strong black rubbish sacks

The company have also introduced a whole new range of wallpaper and wrapping-paper carrier bags and an expanded range of retail display bags for clothing to cope with Christmas demand.

Meanwhile in North America, Nashville Wraps have been offering an extensive range of deals since black-friday and mega-monday on paper shopping bags, coloured tissue and Gloss gift boxes.

While down under in Australia, QIS Packaging are once again leading the antipodean way with some terrific seasonal offers on Christmas ribbons and Christmas wrapping with more promises of more products due to come nearer Christmas.

So wherever you are in the world, if your business ever uses packaging now is a great time to secure the deals and get the products you need to see you well in to the New Year!

Back to Black

Black sacksA new website specialising in black bin liners, bin bags and other types of refuse sacks launched this week. The shop promises a one-stop-shop for businesses and households looking to buy rubbish bags. They also list a comprehensive range of coloured bags but the big emphasis for the site is on the humble black bin bag.

Kids cereal boxes plant fresh eco-packaging idea

Might Oats frontA children's food manufacturer in the United States has taken the idea of eco-packaging to the next level - a few inches below ground!

When kids finish their pot of Mighty Oats cereal, produced by Little Duck Organics, they just soak the packaging in water before burying it in the ground and - hey presto! - they can grow their own tasty vegetables.

The innovative Plantable Packaging concept - which features a seed-lined outer carton - was developed in partnership with UFP Technologies, a producer of speciality packaging.

The latest eco-packaging innovation from UFP, Plantable Packaging is made from 100% recycled and 100% recyclable fibre-board material that can be lined with variety of flower, herb and vegetable seeds, to suit the needs of the product.

When soaked in water for an hour and then planted in the ground, the seeds in the carton begin to emerge and, in the case of Mighty Oats, yield either tomatoes, lettuce or carrots.

Might Oats backCombined with a cereal pot made from starch-based plastic resin, the fully-compostable packaging helps Little Ducks Organics to create a sustainable product that produces minimal waste, with the added fun of growing your own vegetables.

By encouraging kids to test out their green fingers, the Plantable Packaging fits well with the healthy, sustainable image given out by Little Ducks Organics, whose products are all 100% organic, non-GMO and contain no added sugar.

Aimed at kids aged four months old and upwards, the Mighty Oats range are made from a variety of ancient grains, fruits, and spices and comes in three flavours: Blueberry Cinnamon, Strawberry Vanilla and Coconut Banana.

By combining a healthy product and a fun, educational task with the packaging's vivid colours, catchy artwork and clever designs - including a potted plant icon and the words 'Compost Me' - it's easy to see how Mighty Oats might appeal to kids and parents alike.

Plastic bag manufacturers join in the festive cheer

Variguage carriers"Christmas is coming,
The goose is getting fat,
Buy plastic bags for massive discounts,
It's the time of year for that!"

With the busy Christmas period soon upon us, now is the perfect time for retailers everywhere to stock up on their packaging and take advantage of the fantastic offers available with polythene manufacturers around the world.

In the UK, Polybags are getting into the festive spirit by offering fantastic discounts on some of their most popular carrier bags. They have 25% off their entire range of varigauge carrier bags - available in clear or white polythene or a variety of colours - whilst offering the UK's best 'Made to Order' quote for printed carriers, helping retailers to stand out from the crowd at this busy time of year with their own branded Christmas bags (minimum order 3,000).

Polybags are also offering 15% off both their range of premium fashion carriers - very popular with gift shops and jewellery stores - and their premier range of black sacks, made of strong black polythene that is tough to tear, making them perfect for budding santas everywhere.

In North America, Mapleleaf Promotions are offering fantastic discount rates on their range of personalised clear or coloured plastic bags for both American and Canadian clients, while down under in Australia, QIS Packaging are once again leading the way with some terrific seasonal offers. These include a stock clearance on small brown paper bags and great discounts on bulk orders of Christmas bags, wrapping paper and coloured paper bags, to bring a bit of life to your festive shopping.

So wherever you are in the world, if your business is in need of some festive cheer for its packaging this Christmas, now is a great time to stock up for the busiest few weeks of the year, taking advantage of some great festive offers while you're at it.

Vegware - Packaging made from plants

Vegware logo18th April 2013 - Vegware, a company providing environmentally-friendly food packaging, has beaten hundreds of entrants across the UK to win the FSB Streamline Business Awards.

The pioneering firm is the only UK business to provide completely compostable food packaging, avoiding resort to landfill or toxic incineration. Its 'eco-catering' products range from wine glasses to cutlery, all of which are based on renewable or recyclable materials, and are entirely plastic-free.

From just a team of two staff in 2009, the company now has customers and franchises across the globe, serving the hospitality and catering industries which have traditionally had a poor recycling rate.

Joe Frankel, MD and founder of Vegware commented: "We saw that foodservice needed packaging which can actually be recycled after use, and responded to that challenge. Our solution of certified compostable catering disposals and full recycling support is helping the UK's biggest operators meet sustainability targets and save money. As a result, we have enjoyed tenfold growth in three years, and now employ a team of 26, up from two in late 2009. The FSB win is our fifth this year alone, and is fantastic recognition that Vegware is making a positive contribution to the UK economy and global sustainability, and we are truly delighted to see our achievements rewarded."

Conventional food service packaging is made of a mixture of different materials. Whilst many of these materials may in theory be recyclable if kept clean and separate, once glued together and then covered in food residue, the item is generally condemned to being buried or at best, burnt. Vegware ensures that all materials are compostable which means they can be placed in the same bin as food waste after use, with no need for sorting.

The awards recognise the contribution of small businesses in fuelling the economy's growth, and the innovative approach business owners are making to boost their fortunes.

Darren Wilson, Managing Director, Streamline said: "Small businesses play a crucial role in supporting the UK economy and as Vegware has shown, the trajectory for growth can be staggering. Vegware identified a clear need in the marketplace, recognised the incentives for businesses to get on board, and made a compelling financial and environmental case for potential customers."

Colin Willman, Chairman, FSB (Member Services) commented: "We were impressed by the staggering growth of this company, which now has an established footprint in countries from the US to Australia. Vegware fulfills a real need in the world of catering and proves that eco credentials are right at the heart of our economy's future."

For more information, please visit Vegware

source: A Taylor, Cctopuscomms

Branded mailing bags - Who will win gold this summer?

Printed Mailing BagsLondon 2012 saw the pinnacle of sporting endeavour come to the UK, but the competition was not restricted to the Olympic venues last summer. In the packaging world, companies sought to gain every possible advantage at an incredibly busy time of year and using custom printed mailing bags was one of the most popular methods.

Customised mailbags featuring logos and sales messages help companies to distinguish themselves in a similar way to using carrier bags. In a competitive marketplace, a smart, clear branding message on a package or parcel can help a company stand out from the crowd.

Bespoke packaging shows that a company means business. It increases brand visibility and provides an extra form of marketing that doesn't cost the earth.

In the race to get your business Polybags now offer a fully-automated and instant online quoting system for their printed mailing bags service. The customised manufacturing service allows design and production of most sizes of co-ex printed mailing bags or mailing sacks, and offers competitve rates, even for very low print-runs. As a bonus if you order before 1 June 2013, you get 50% off all setup costs. You can also access this custom printed mailer service via and

There may be no Olympics in 2013 but, in the world of branded packaging, the race is still definitely on. Will your company win gold this summer?

Printed Mailing Bags

Printed Mailing BagsIf you would like to have your mailing bags printed with your own design Polybags can get it done for you. Have your polythene mailers manufactured with your logo printed and enhance your brand and look more professional. Mailers can be printed with vital information about your company, add your physical and or web address for example, and help customers get back to you.

Polybags can also help you choose the correct format for the envelopes or mailing bags and give you free samples. If you are reading this before 1st of September 2012 you will have a chance to have 50% off all setup costs when ordering printed mailing bags.

The offer is available on the Printed Mailing Bags form at but is also featured prominently on sister sites like and

Christmas Sales

Heavy-duty mailing sacksWith Christmas just around the corner the big packaging companies around the world are rolling out their biggest offers. In the UK, Polybags are offering a staggering 40% off their entire range of heavy-duty mailing bags. In the US Aplasticbag are offering a great 30% of all printed carriers while the antipodean packaging company QisPackaging are offering 5% off all online sales. Wherever your business is located don't forget to get your Christmas polythene bags in stock; there's nothing worse than running out of stock at the busiest time of year.

Plastic to oil machine

Plastic to oil machineRead the full article on Our World 2.0

We found a very interesting article on Our World 2.0 telling the story of a Japanese company called Blest which have developed one of the smallest and safest plastic-to-oil conversion machines out on the market today. It's founder and CEO, Akinori Ito is passionate about using this machine to change the way people around the world think about their plastic rubbish. From solving our landfill and rubbish disposal issues to reducing our oil dependency on the Middle East, his machine may one day be in every household across Japan.

When the article was re-published, just over six months ago, the video brief about the invention of the plastic-to-oil converting machine had got a viral boost and had exceeded 115,000 views on YouTube, today is has almost 2 million hits.

As stated on the article this is evidence that concern over "the plastic problem" is certainly not going away.

While holding up a bag of rubbish, Akinori Ito states, "It's a waste to throw away, isn't it? This is a treasure."

Early Christmas for mailing bags and postal packaging retailers?

Christmas salesWith some big retail names already preparing their Christmas displays it's not just discount packaging sites like and that are receiving record traffic.

High street shops had a famously bad run up to Christmas last year but online sales for the Yuletide period stood at a record high. While the Bank of England has announced an expected slowing in recovery-rates, traffic to sites like and are booming. The reason is clear, online shopping is growing, shopping sites need to deliver, and cheap but reliable courier bags and postal bags are as key to each sale as the checkout button. Your local Postie looks set to really deserve that Christmas tip this year!

New packaging website wows customers

Polythene bagsA total revamp of a well known packaging website is proving a massive hit both with trade and non-trade shoppers. Polybags is a brand name long associated with innovation; the company was founded in 1968, their website was one of the first e-commerce shops to go online (way back in 1999) and alongside their more traditional range of polythene bags they famously introduced a range of *truly* environmentally-friendly biodegradable bags made from potato-starch rather than the 'lip-service' degradable bags which may actually be more harmful to the environment offered by most manufacturers. Their latest innovation has won not only acclaim from customers and industry-insiders, but has attracted a lot of applause from the world of IT too, and fans of the colour pink everywhere. Sandy Badger, a spokesperson for Mangolab, designers of the site, says the success is down to a genuine desire to help the shopper: "we've made everything as easy as possible for the customer, no matter how hard it was for us". Jon Davies, a director of Polybags added "We've always offered great prices and a great service but what we wanted was a website that was built on that, and we wanted it big, bold, distinctive ...and pink!".

Coca-Cola collects six tonnes of packaging at music festival

Coca-Cola has continued its promotion of packaging recycling by collecting more than six tonnes of packaging at last weekend's Sonisphere music festival.

Coca-Cola Enterprises is looking to increase the recovery of drinks packaging in public places introducing schemes at a number of festivals this summer, including the Isle of Wight festival, V Festival and last weekend's Sonisphere at Knebworth.

Over the three-day festival, plus two days for setting up at cleaning up afterwards, Coca-Cola collected five tonnes of cans, 600kg of bottles and 450kg of lids that will all be recycled.

Reference: Simeon Goldstein - PackagingNews

New metal challenge as Faerch Plast targets pet food market

Plastic packaging specialist Faerch Plast has launched a range of products for pet foods, that it claims are a low cost environmental alternative to tins.

The containers are produced from Ampet, an ambient polyethylene material developed by Faerch Plast for the packaging of ambient products. According to the manufacturer the material is lightweight and doesn't taint the taste of the food.

"The pet food market is an ideal target for us" said Faerch Plast chief executive Lars Gade Hansen. "Ampet is an environmentally friendly alternative, which offers the possibility of completely new and innovative designs".

Reference: Philip Chadwick - PackagingNews


Yet more packaging knowledge on PackagingKnowledge. Ratbags gives an interesting take and often wry glance at industry issues from the perspective of our mystery industry-insider.

First UK Plastic Bags directory launched

The first dedicated online web directory for plastic bags manufacturers and packaging suppliers has been launched for the UK market. The website aims to list the major suppliers for all main packaging categories including polythene bags, carrier bags, mailing bags and bubble bags. The site also lists manufacturers who provide biodegradable bags and environmentally friendly alternative products. The aim of the directory is to provide a one stop-shop for consumers wishing to buy packaging products. All sites are reviewed by an editorial team and visitors to ensure quality listinsg and suppliers can add their sites freely by adding a link back to the directory on their listed pages.

Bioplastics have a small but growing market

For Dennis McGrew, chief executive of NatureWorks, the high price of crude oil and natural gas is not unwelcome news.

NatureWorks, formerly Cargill Dow, produces a plastic made from plant stalk, not fossil fuel. McGrew, a former plastics executive at Dow Chemical, says that as prices for fossil fuels soar and as the environment becomes an ever larger concern, ecofriendly plastics are becoming increasingly competitive, though they still remain a niche market.

That bioplastics are trending upward is clear. In the past month, a number of large chemical concerns have increased their commitment to market segment, including Braskem, the largest Brazilian petrochemical group, and Dow Chemical. In September, Plantic Technologies of Australia announced that DuPont would market its starch-based resins and sheet plastics in North America, a new market for a company previously limited to selling in Europe and Australia.

biodegradable cups

Investors looking for an early upside in this emerging market have their work cut out for them, as the near-term profit potential is uncertain.

"I think what you are seeing is a more pull-driven event, where a lot of different companies in materials and packaging are looking to green up their own operations using alternatives to hydrocarbon plastic materials - hence the pull on the Dows and DuPonts of the world" said Ben Johnson, lead chemistry industry analyst for Morningstar, the equity research company.

Robert von Goeben exemplifies that market pull. Early next year, von Goeben, who went from the world of venture capitalism to become a toymaker in San Francisco, is scheduled to launch Green Toys, a line of plastic toys including a 17-piece tea set that would sell for upwards of $20, made from bio-based renewable plastics.

Though he admits that bioplastics are a "challenging technology" in that their quality is not always consistent, von Goeben sees a pull in the consumer market for plastic goods, toys included, that do not wreak havoc on the environment. He said his risks were reduced because he was able to step into an established product category.

"We don't have to convince people to buy a tea set" he said. "When you can apply new technology to existing demand - or in our business, an existing play pattern - that's where you have a win."

To date, Johnson at Morningstar said he had found no conclusive evidence in the financial data of the companies he tracked to suggest that bioplastics was making or losing them money. "In terms of scale, this is not a very large commercial activity for the chemical companies" he said.

For newly public bioplastic companies like Cereplast of the United States, which will supply von Goeben, the stakes are much higher. Cereplast and Plantic, both of which went public in the past 12 months and sell biodegradable starch-based resins, have no choice but to run headlong into the market.

It is a tall order. As Johnson noted, there are currently a lot of "little niches" within the bioplastics arena filled with companies pushing intermediary polymer products that "are the same in spirit and may even be derived from the same source."

Potential investors will want to familiarize themselves with the competing technologies as well as their environmental impact. Despite what the marketers imply, bioplastics are not an environmental panacea.

While bioplastics afford the opportunity for less dependence on fossil fuels and sometimes lower emissions of carbon dioxide, they typically need exposure to some form of industrial composting to degrade.

Steve Mojo, founder of Biodegradable Products Institute, a New York-based company that promotes the use and recycling of biodegradable polymeric materials through composting, pointed out that a cup made from cornstarch acts no differently than one made from petroleum when buried beneath the surface of a landfill: Without air and heat, it stays intact.

To the investor eager to own stakes in companies making plastics that are compostable as well as petroleum-free, Mojo suggested digging into company information. The American Society for Testing and Materials Specifications has been approving bioplastic products for composting in the U.S. market since 1999.

When oil prices hit $40 a barrel, NatureWorks found that its pricing could be competitive with polyethylene terephthalate plastics. Its polymers remain 10 percent to 15 percent more expensive than polystyrene or polyvinyl chloride plastics, according to a company spokeswoman, Mary Rosenthal. NatureWorks contends that its polymers take 68 percent less fuel to produce than conventional plastics.

NatureWorks, which has expanded its production capacity 35 times since 1999, is on track to generate more than 150,000 tons of its polymers by the end of this year, the bulk of which would be spread across some 45,000 retail shelves worldwide, from Marks &Spencer in England to E-Mart in South Korea.

Sony is using polymers by NatureWorks for Walkman casings; Wal-Mart uses them to produce packaging worldwide. The French retailer Carrefour sells nonwoven commercial products using its corn-based polymer fibers.

The Japanese chemical company Teijin bought a 50 percent stake last month in NatureWorks, McGrew said, with the express intent of expanding its global production capacities.

Based on developments like these and data collected from its 75 members, the 14-year-old trade group European Bioplastics recently projected that annual bioplastic production capacity - biodegradable as well as non-biodegradable - would more than triple to 1.5 million tons in 2011. By comparison, in 2006 the U.S. plastics industry produced an estimated 57 million tons of conventional plastic resins like polystyrene and polyethylene, according to the American Chemistry Council.

Sabine Arras, spokeswoman for European Bioplastics, which is based in Berlin, said the industry was currently, "a sellers' market with only a handful of producers" of plastics made from renewable raw materials.

The technology for bioplastics has been around labouratories for well over two decades, though it continues to develop through the efforts of companies like Metabolix, a publicly traded company that is building a plant with its partner, Archer Daniels Midland, to open next year. Its plastics can be made from dedicated crop plants like switchgrass, as opposed to high-demand feedstock crops like corn. There are even hybrids. BASF recently began selling a renewable plastic whose contents are 45 percent from NatureWorks and the rest its own petrochemical-based polymer.

For all the challenges that the bioplastics industry faces, attracting customers does not seem to be one. For example, two brothers, Joel and Duncan Gott, own Taylor's Refresher, a three-restaurant chain in the San Francisco area that attracts thousands of tourists on a single weekend day. After watching the restaurant's garbage cans overflow with plastic cups and utensils, the brothers decided to experiment with bioplastics - from cups and straws to the clear plastic bags that line their garbage cans.

It has been a costly proposition. The garbage bags alone cost about a $1 each - almost 10 times the price of the petroleum-based ones the restaurant used before. Moreover, the quality of the bioplastic products is inconsistent - cups sometimes arrive warped, so the lids will not fit properly. Nevertheless, Joel Gott said he and his brother felt like they were on the right path.

"I fully expect that the producers we're dealing with today may be different from the ones we buy from tomorrow" he said. "Still, we're not buying petroleum, and our plastic cups can be sent to the garbage dump and composted instead of sit in the landfill."

Reference: Hearld Tribune International -

Toyota Auto Body to Show 'World's 1st' Electric Car Using Bio-plastics

bioplastic car bodyToyota Auto Body Co. Ltd. has announced it will present four concept cars at the 40th Tokyo Motor Show. The concept cars are the "VOXY Bi-TREK" "Mobile Trimmer" "Trans-Pit" and "COMS BP."

The COMS BP is a small electric vehicle that uses bio plastics derived from plants for some of its body parts, including the hood, pillars and roof. This will be the COMS BP's world premiere.

The VOXY Bi-TREK is based on the "TRANS-X" 5-seater model of Toyota "VOXY" van and combines a motor-driven second row seat and an interior cargo cover with it. This van can be arranged into four modes, including one with the rear row seats turned around to use the rear space as a living room, for example, said the company.

The Mobile Trimmer is a mobile pet trimmer shop model based on Toyota "HIACE Super Long." Targeting pets such as cats and dogs, the van is equipped with facilities for trimming and shampooing.

The Trans-Pit is Toyota "HIACE Wide Super GL" equipped with a power lift for loading and unloading of a motorcycle and a functionally designed instrument panel.


Green Plastics Find Cautious Market

Target offers shoppers an unusual message about its gift cards at some stores, advising that they are biodegradable. "Just make sure you spend them first" the displays conclude.

This isn't just a marketing gimmick. Plastics made from corn and other plants are carving a tiny niche from the market for conventional petroleum-based plastics and being touted as green alternatives for everything from bulk food containers to lipstick tubes and clothing fiber - as well as gift cards.

So-called "bioplastics" offer the world a way to wean itself off oil, and most biodegrade to varying degrees. But their makers' green argument is complex, and environmentalists are cautious in their support.

Manufacturing bioplastics produces carbon dioxide, which contributes to global warming. The materials are made from crops - corn, switchgrass, sugar cane, even sweet potatoes - that require land and water to grow. Some sound alarms because genetically modified organisms are used to spur the fermentation that creates them. And recycling them presents still other pitfalls.

They also can cost three times more than conventional plastics, which gives businesses pause about adopting them. Until bioplastics expand beyond their current tiny fraction of the overall plastics market, the road to popularity is expected to be rough.

"It's almost a chicken-and-egg scenario" said David Cornell of the Association of Postconsumer Plastic Recyclers. "It might someday reach that critical mass, but it has to happen very quickly, because in the meantime it can be a nuisance for us."

Bioplastics' main benefit would be to reduce from 10 percent the share of U.S. petroleum consumption that goes into plastic. The types that are biodegradable also could help compensate for the country's slow progress in recycling - only about 6 percent of plastic made in the U.S. was recycled in 2005, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Bioplastics also lack toxins like polyvinyl chloride that have raised health concerns and led California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger this month to sign legislation banning chemicals called phthalates from toys and baby products.

"This is a promising new technology that faces some challenges" said Mike Schade of the Center for Health, Environment &Justice, a Falls Church, Va.-based nonprofit. "But we don't view them as insurmountable, if the industry is willing to face them head-on."

The market's newest entrant is Mirel, from Cambridge-based Metabolix Inc. It more easily biodegrades than rival materials and, unlike others, can break down in a backyard compost bin. Its first consumer application came in July when Target Corp. began using it in gift cards at 129 stores. Metabolix is talking with potential clients about dozens more applications for Mirel, from razor blade handles to a coating for disposable coffee cups.

Agricultural processor Archer Daniels Midland Co. provides corn feedstock for making Mirel, which requires genetically engineered bacteria to aid in fermentation.

The most widely used bioplastic, NatureWorks - a product of a subsidiary of Minnesota-based Cargill Inc. - also is corn-based and biodegradable. It is made without genetically modified bacteria. Some of the corn that goes into it is modified, raising environmental concerns on the sourcing end, but the company notes that protein from the corn is destroyed in processing. NatureWorks already is used in dozens of products, including water bottles - an application unsuited to Mirel, which isn't transparent.

Other bioplastics that biodegrade to some degree include Ecoflex, from German chemical company BASF AG; Mater-Bi, from Italy's Novamont SPA; and Cereplast, from a Hawthorne, Calif.-based company by the same name. And two major conventional plastics makers - DuPont Co. and Brazilian chemical company Braskem SA - make recyclable bioplastic that isn't biodegradable, the first from corn and the second from sugar cane.

No figures are available on overall bioplastics production, but bioplastics makers acknowledge the products occupy a tiny niche in the global plastics market, which totals $250 billion and produces 360 billion pounds a year. By comparison, the 300 million pound capacity of NatureWorks' Nebraska production plant is less than one-tenth of 1 percent of the market total.

For most biodegradable bioplastics, including NatureWorks, an industrial compost plant is recommended - facilities that are few and far between. The products are stable in places where microbes and moisture are minimal, as on a kitchen shelf. Metabolix says Mirel will decompose in a backyard compost within two months and about twice as slowly in soil, rivers, lakes or the ocean. But very few Americans compost, and most who do try not to include even paper products, let alone unfamiliar bioplastics.

"There's a lot more to it than saying it's scientifically and technologically possible to compost these materials" said Betty McLaughlin of the Container Recycling Institute, a nonprofit encouraging greater materials recovery and recycling.

And, just as different types of petroleum-base plastic can't be mixed in recycling, bioplastics should not be mixed with any conventional plastic because even tiny quantities can irreparably contaminate some melted petroleum-based plastics that have higher melting points, Cornell said.

"The sustainability concept is taking hold broadly, including in the corporate sector" said McLaughlin. "But these materials face a long road gaining acceptance."

A major bump on that road will be their cost. But, in another chicken-and-egg paradox, growing the market for bioplastics is key to bringing down their price, industry leaders said. NatureWorks says its production costs are just 10 percent to 20 percent above those of conventional plastics. Companies buying Mirel pay about $2.50 a pound, compared with 70 cents to 90 cents for petroleum-based resin, although the price difference is expected to shrink as quantities grow and oil prices rise.

Tamara Nameroff, acting director of the American Chemical Society's Green Chemistry Institute, said being as good as the product it replaces is not good enough for any green product, "even if you've proved you can make it environmentally friendly."

"You have to show a cost advantage to what it's replacing" she said. "The idea that people just want to purchase environmentally friendly products has been demonstrated in some markets, but not universally."

Though most consumers lack the patience to sort out all the arguments, environmental friendliness can sell. Ralph DiMatteo, 48, of Painesville Township, Ohio, said after learning Sam's Club gift cards are made of NatureWorks plastic that he would buy them as holiday gifts.

"I don't spend a lot of time researching these kinds of things, but if something is presented to me properly to show how my effort can make a difference for the environment, I'm willing to pay a couple extra cents" DiMatteo said.

For now, Metabolix is banking on that kind of attitude, said co-founder and chief scientific officer Oliver Peoples.

"We believe that there is a segment of the population that is willing to pay to basically feel better about using plastics" Peoples said. "And if a company decided it wanted to go in that direction of charging $2.03 for a cup of coffee rather than $2, our view is that we're adding something to their brand."


Green Plastics - Will they Grow?

The advertising departments love them. Plastics made from corn, or sugar, or just about anything else that sounds "natural." Use them in your packaging, they tell their customers, and the consumers will see you as a White Knight, saving them from the planetary destruction wrought by the Other Companies (competition) who are motivated, of course, by power and greed (buzz-words these days) rather than the conservation of the Planet.

It sounds like hype, and it is, but it works. It trades on the anxieties of a public constantly bombarded with press on global warming, food recalls, and the more ordinary corporate excesses. The Iraq war is psychologically connected with the higher gas and oil prices, which are connected to higher prices for everything else, and plastics are connected to oil as their raw material, so anything we can do to make plastics from anything else, especially if it sounds non-toxic, is preferred.

It's technical and economic baloney, but people eat a lot of baloney if it tastes good. The raw material for plastics is oil (and natural gas), to be sure, but in the form of energy those are the raw materials for paper, glass, metals, fertilizers, and just about anything else, too. As for toxicity, we have lots of good non-toxic plastics with years and years of safety record, even left alone by the antiplastics folk, but now there is the feeling that if it comes from a plant it's safer. Crude oil comes from plants, too, but that doesn't matter.

Bottom line?

The bio-based plastics, degradable, compostable or just plain permanent, as well as the conventional plastics with degradation-promoting additives, will find their niches, especially in food packaging and other consumer goods, where their image can be used to sell them. They will not get far in large-volume markets like grocery bags (despite California's blatantly unscientific and inconvenient anti-bag laws), because of the sheer weight of the economic differential.

We are seeing a lot of bio-plastic press already, in advance of the gigantic K-07 Plastics Exhibition, and we'll see more as the bio-resinmakers get their prices down to competitive levels. (It helped that the prices of all other plastics have risen so much; all the bio people had to do was stand still.) We even see additives offered that strengthen these materials (notably impact modifiers for PLA) and thus overcome a competitive disadvantage vs PET.

But PET isn't standing still either, and is fighting back. We just saw an ad for a product in a "green PET package" which meant that (a) it was made with at least 50% recycle, and (b) it was processed with renewable energy! This isn't explained further, but I doubt that the extruders and molders are being run by solar or wind power. More likely, they are near a hydro-electric source. No matter, what's important is that it sounds green in terms the consumer can digest (recycle, renewable).

Keep tuned. And remember that the best way to save energy is not to buy the product at all


Defra seeks assessment of packaging's impact on environment

Focus on biodegradable and degradable packaging.

20 September 2007 ' The environmental impact of biodegradable and degradable packaging is seen as a key issue for the UK 's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and its implementation of the Government's waste strategy.

The news follows a warning from the Waste and Resources Action Programme (Wrap) that bioplastics need to be introduced with care by retailers and brand owners. (See 12 September 2007 ).

Defra has published plans for a waste and resources evidence programme, which it says will help implement the Government's Waste Strategy for England 2007, published in May of this year.

The programme, the second of its kind, has been compiled by stakeholders to ensure the policies are 'evidence-based, not evidence-backed,' says Defra. The first programme, set up in 2004, generated over 80 projects and had a budget of up to '5m a year.

The research topics listed by Defra in 'The Waste and Resources Evidence Strategy 2007-2011' include: what are the environmental impacts of biodegradable and degradable packaging; what collection methods lead to high quality recyclates, and whether high collection costs are offset by environmental benefits; and how to best measure the carbon impacts of waste prevention and management.

Defra says its research and evidence projects are commissioned through open competitions on the department's website.

The nature of the projects will remain flexible, according to the needs of its waste policy makers, says Defra.

The Waste and Resources Evidence Strategy 2007-2011 can be found at:


Bioplastics with PLA based on sugar beet and sugarcane residues

An Italian biotech start-up called Bio-On is entering the bioplastics market with a process that produces polylactic acid (PLA) based plastics from sugar beet and sugarcane residues with a claimed efficiency of 95% : waste streams become valuable resources that can be converted almost in their entirety in a useful product. Sugar beet pulp, one of the prime feedstocks, is usually used as low value animal feed or disposed of at additional cost. Likewise, bagasse and mollases from sugarcane have a relatively low value and are abundantly available.

PLA based bioplastics are currently produced almost exclusively from corn and grain starch. But given that prices for these feedstock keep rising because of their use in the production of ethanol, the utilization of new raw materials becomes an attractive proposal. The production of sugar crops, on the contrary, is outstripping demand. Both Brazil and India delivered record crops, and sugar prices have declined in the EU.

The production process would reduce energy costs and as it is based on a multi-feedstock strategy, costs for raw materials would be substantially lower than those for traditional PLA production. A first range of products to be developed by Bio-On are a range of biodegradable plastics with natural flame retardants to be used for automotive applications:

The planned location of the production plant is quite significant: 'Plastic Valley' in Bologna, with output of 10,000 tons.

Bioplastics face a bright future in Italy. This year a series of laws and policies came into effect that aim to phase out the use of petroleum based plastic bags and other products entirely by 2010.


Wrap to clear up consumer confusion over 'green' packaging

The Waste and Resources Action Programme (Wrap) wants to develop standards to aid the processing of "green" plastics packaging in the waste stream.

Wrap said that consistent "branding" of products using these materials would help consumers separate them, after it found that people were confused about the wide range of green materials on offer.

It also wants to develop guidelines for composting, both in the home and for collected waste, and to identify technologies for separating polymers of different origins and carry out life-cycle analyses where appropriate.

Wrap hopes to publish research into the environmental benefits of biopolymers compared with conventional plastics and recycled content plastic packaging later this year.

biopolymers environmental benefitsExecutive director Phillip Ward said compostable packaging and biopolymers had "great potential", but it was "vital" to introduce them with the correct infrastructure so they could be properly disposed of.

Last year, Wrap surveyed more than 400 people across the UK and found that 52% had heard of biodegradable packaging, compared with 15% for compostable.

A quarter of those surveyed said they would recycle "compostable" packaging, compared with 44% who would put in the normal waste bin. Less than a fifth would compost it at home.

Wrap has also published a position statement on biopolymers to clarify definitions of some of the terms used to describe packaging materials and factors to consider regarding disposal and environmental impact.


Plantic sales volumes rocket 90% following packaging drive

Plantic Technologies, the Australian developer of plastics made from renewable resources, has said sales volumes rose by 90% in the first half of 2006 as it made inroads in the packaging market.

The firm, which has developed technology to make polymers based on high-amylose corn starch, said today (4 September) that its packaging materials had attracted a number of active customers, including Marks &Spencer.

Brand owner evaluation of its first flexible packaging films also started in the first six months of the year, and Plantic has appointed a European manager based in Frankfurt to drive further growth.

The firm, which raised '20m when it floated on the Alternative Investment Market in May, said a "significant reduction" in its government funding had caused revenue to fall 11% from '486,000 (AUS$1.19m) to '434,000 for the six months to 30 June.

plantic polymers for packsIts loss before tax and finance costs increased by almost a third, to '1.62m, due to higher research and development spending.

However, product revenue grew by almost a third to '317,000 as it changed its strategy in Australia from selling finished packaging to selling materials to third-party packaging converters.

Plantic still has '18.8m in cash reserves. Its share price rose by more than 4% this morning to 68p following the results. However, it has been in gradual decline since it peaked at 82p in late May.


CSM new offering will 'significantly' boost biodegradable plastics industry

AMSTERDAM (Thomson Financial) - CSM NV said its unit PURAC will begin to produce lactides, an essential ingredient for the production of biodegradable plastics.

The announcement represents one of the first times that biodegradable plastics will be able to be produced on an economical, industrial scale, according to the company, meaning a 'significant' boost for the development of the industry.

The raw material for biodegradable plastics, Poly-Lactic Acid (PLA), is made from agricultural products such as corn, sugar beet, tapioca and sugar cane.

Companies will be able to produce biodegradable plastics that can withstand temperatures of at least 175 degrees Celsius using the new products being produced by CSM, according to the company.

Bioplastics are used in, for example, hot-fill bottles, microwave trays, temperature-resistant fibres, electronics and automotive parts.

Arno van de Ven, vice-president chemicals and pharma at PURAC, says: 'Market growth has been hampered by the availability of economically achievable production technology. By using lactides as a monomer for PLA production, PURAC bridges the technology gap that currently restricts the plastics industry to accelerate the PLA market growth.

'The Lactide technology will reduce costs and investments for the bio-plastics industry and significantly contribute to the growth of the PLA market.'


Pira to roll out permeability testing scheme for packaging

Pira is introducing a new service for testing oxygen and moisture vapour permeability equipment for packs.

The scheme will initially be aimed at testing permeability through plastic drinks bottles to allow comparison between different testing apparatus and measuring techniques used by bottle manufacturers.

Polyester sample bottles, manufactured within minutes of each other from the same machine, will be sent out by Pira to bottle manufacturers to run through their own testing machinery.

These results will then be returned to Pira during the following four months in time for the publication of a statistical analysis report on the Pira website.

Subscribers will receive a full data report and personalised trend charts. They will also be allotted a personalised labouratory number so they can compare the performance of their machinery against other subscribers.

Participants can choose to test for oxygen and/or moisture vapour permeability.

Pira has offered permeability testing and proficiency services for 30 years and already runs a similar scheme for testing flat film.

The new service will be launched in September and will run twice a year thereafter.


More worked needed over recyclable packaging

Biodegradable food packaging is a viable option for the UK food industry, but only if proper recycling facilities are developed, according to a new handbook.

"Sustainable food packaging: biodegradable and compostable options", by Catherine Creaney, is designed to help plant managers understand sustainable food packaging, and how it may affect their businesses in future.

The food industry is increasingly using packaging made with starch, cellulose and polylactic acid (PLA), as opposed to the traditional petroleum polymer, because of consumer concern over packaging waste causing environmental damage.

This kind of biodegradable and compostable packaging was designed to be recycled and "cycle back into nature", Creaney said, helping to reduce landfill waste.

However, this kind of packaging is only environmentally friendly when industrially composted, Creaney added, and there are not many systems to do this available in the UK.

It then ends up in landfill, where it produces methane - a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming.

Creaney also points out that the current use of sustainable packaging is limited, as its moisture barrier properties are inferior to its petroleum polymer counterparts.

"To date, there are a limited number of viable biodegradable and compostable food packaging material options that are commercially available" she said.

Over the past five years packaging suppliers have been introducing various forms of biodegradable materials in response to projections that consumers and recycling regulations will drive demand for environmentally-friendly packaging.

Mandates from giant supermarkets forcing suppliers to make the switch are also coming into effect.

However, some companies have indicated that switching to "green" resources is not always simple or profitable.

In May, UK-based Stanlico announced it would offload its biodegradable packaging arm and that it is abandoning its proprietary Greenseal technology for recyclable food trays.


Recycling Plastics Reaches New Milestone in Japan

japans reycling milestone

The Japanese have often been leaps and bounds ahead of the rest of us in finding innovative ways to reduce their energy consumption while boosting their use of renewable energy for everyday life. Having already helped popularize the "furoshiki" as an elegant and sustainable alternative to plastic, it comes as no surprise that they're at it again, this time developing a groundbreaking new process for recycling plastics.

A group of scientists have developed a process by which certain types of plastics can be broken down into their original chemical elements and then reused to make a new brand of high quality plastic. While most recycling methods rely on an approach that consists of melting and reforming plastic into a new, less pure type of plastic, the technique developed by Akio Kamimura and Shigehiro Yamamoto completely depolymerizes, or breaks down, the individual chains of molecules that make up polyamide plastics.

The scientists used an ionic liquid to change nylon-6 into captrolactam, its base component, that could then be reused over and over to synthesize new plastics.

"This is the first example of the use of ionic liquids for effective depolymerization of polymeric materials and will open a new field in ionic liquid chemistry as well as plastic recycling" said Kamimura and Yamamoto.

In addition to providing a more effective way to recycle plastics, their method is also much simpler to implement on a large scale since it eschews costly pressure chambers and wasteful energy inputs in favor of typical labouratory glassware. While this won't help us move towards a plastic-free future, it will at least eliminate a lot of the waste and energy consumption incurred through our current practices, which, in our minds, is a welcome development in itself.


Biopolymers developed to extend probiotic shelf life

A line of biopolymer ingredients under development will allow probiotics to be used in more foods than is presently possible.

Australian venture capitalists BioPacificVentures yesterday announced it was investing in EnCoate, a biopolymer company jointly owned by New Zealand firms AgResearch and Balance Agri-Nutrients.

EnCoate is developing a family of biopolymers to stabilise probiotic microbes so that they can survive for long periods without refrigeration. The aim is to develop biopolymers that can extend the shelf life of foods to up to two years at room temperature and humidity.

EnCoate claims to have developed a technology that can stabilise the microbes so that they can be used to enhance foods such as breakfast cereals, infant milk-powders and dog-biscuits.

The edible biopolymers can be added to the foods containing the probiotic ingredients.

Priobiotics are microbes that provide health benefits to consumers, but current technology limits the use to dairy products as refrigeration is required.

BioPacificVentures is funded by local and international investors with Nestl', the world's biggest food company, the largest investor.

Bridgit Hawkins, acting chief executive officer of EnCoate, said the purchase opens a potentially huge global market for probiotic ingredients.

"The market for EnCoate's probiotic ingredients will be global manufacturers and marketers of non-chilled foods that are seeking to differentiate their products in the perceptions of health-conscious consumers" she said.

The probiotic ingredient market is worth over $600m annually, and is growing at a rate of between 10 and 20 per annum, Hawkins said.

Ian Boddy, general manager of commercial services at AgResearch said the technology, when applied to probiotic ingredients, could double the market by enabling manufacturers to extend the probiotics category from refrigerated foods to non-refrigerated products.

"What's more, EnCoate has potential beyond extending the shelf life of probiotics, with the core technology behind EnCoate being the biopolymer, which has applications in agricultural biology, food, seed coatings, and vaccines" he said.

Andrew Kelly, executive director of BioPacificVentures, said the $6.3m investment and experience would drive the technology into numerous global markets.

"Probiotics, the 'healthy' bacteria, is one such market" he said. "Offering much more than capital, we believe our multinational food industry experience will be very beneficial to the company."

BioPacificVentures is one of Australasia's largest life science venture capital funds.


Garbage Gives Green Polymer

Circuit boards from chicken feathers, plastic from soybean'scientists are turning over...

Carbon dioxide. Orange peels. Chicken feathers. Olive oil. Potato peels. E. coli bacteria. It is as if chemists have gone Dumpster diving in their hunt to make biodegradable, sustainable and renewable plastics. Most bioplastics are made from plants like corn, soy, sugar cane and switch grass, but scientists have recently turned to trash in an effort to make so-called green polymers, essentially plastics from garbage.

Geoff Coates, a chemist at Cornell, one of the leaders in the creation of green polymers, pointed to a golden brown square of plastic in a drying chamber. 'It kind of looks like focaccia baking, doesn't it?' Coates said. 'That's almost 50 percent carbon dioxide by weight.'

Coates' labouratories occupy almost the entire fifth floor of the Spencer T. Olin Laboratory at Cornell, and have a view not only of Cayuga Lake and the hills surrounding Cornell, but of a coal power plant that has served as a kind of inspiration. It was here that Coates discovered the catalyst needed to turn CO2 into a polymer.

With Scott Allen, a former graduate student, Coates has started a company called Novomer, which has partnered with several companies, including Kodak, on joint projects. Novomer has received money from the Department of Energy, New York state and the National Science Foundation. Coates imagines CO2 being diverted from factory emissions into an adjacent facility and turned into plastic.

The search for biocomposite materials dates from 1913, when a French and a British scientist filed for patents on soy-based plastic. 'There was intense competition between agricultural and petrochemical industries to win the market on polymers,' said Bernard Tao, professor of agricultural and biological engineering at Purdue.

Much of the early research on bioplastics was supported by Henry Ford, who believed strongly in the potential of the soybean. One famous 1941 photo shows Ford swinging an ax head into the rear of a car to demonstrate the strength of the soy-based biocomposite used to make the auto body. But soy quickly lost out to petrochemical plastics. 'In those days you had a lot more oil around, and you could dig it up all year round,' Tao said. 'You didn't have to wait until the growing season.'

And there was another problem: permeability. The soy plastic was not waterproof. 'Petroleum is biologically and relatively chemically inert, ' Tao explained. 'Most living systems require water.' Fossil fuels 'inexpensive, abundant and water resistant' quickly dominated the plastics market. Now, agriculture-based plastics are back in the running, and with the type of catalysts developed by Coates and others, a whole new array of polymers has become commercially viable.

Choosing carbon dioxide as a feedstock for a polymer was not an obvious choice. It was what Coates called 'a dead molecule'. 'CO2 has almost no reactivity,' he said, 'and that's why it's used in fire extinguishers.' So what made him choose carbon dioxide? 'It's abundant and cheap. We picked it for environmental and economic reasons, not for its reactivity.'

Richard Wool, a University of Delaware chemist, works with a material even less glamorous than orange peels: chicken feathers. Wool and his graduate students designed a composite made from soybeans and the down of chicken feathers. After seeing the composite, a Tyson Foods engineer approached Wool, offered him two billion pounds of chicken feathers, and an unlikely partnership was born. Despite the madcap premise, Professor Wool used the material to design a circuit board he said is a lighter, stronger, cheaper product with high-speed electronic properties. In short, the feathers allow extra air flow and do not expand like plastic when heated, so the hotter temperatures that come with higher speeds are less problematic.

Wool is also working with olive oil and other high-oleic oils to create rubber, paint and what he calls biocompatible adhesives; he envisions making bandages that would work more like skin. NONNY DE LA PENA(New York Times)



Leading manufacturer Polybags has a new film (developed in co-operation with the Polymer Centre at London Metropolitan University) branded PolyMax. Basically a low density polyethylene with a few additives and different extrusion techniques it is superior both in appearance and performance to traditional low density polythene.

It has a gloss and shine that makes it more attractive to customers but its great advantage is its strength. PolyMax, 75 micron thick (300 gauge) will perform as well as 125 micron (500 gauge) standard polythene film. Polybags Ltd holds in stock five standard sizes varying from 18 x 24" to 48 x 48" in two film thicknesses. The 150 gauge Hercules range has the performance of 250 gauge conventional film and the 300 gauge Goliath bags are as strong as 500 gauge standard bags.

Bags can be manufactured in any size so long as they are at least 450 mm wide. Their use has been particularly succesful in the transport of ice cubes where considerable cost savings have been enjoyed by users. Nevertheless, there has been a surprising reluctance on the part of some users to try the new film despite the extra cost per kilo of the material being completely outweighed by the ability to down gauge. Presumably on the principle that if is something is too good to be true it probably is. However, once persuaded to try the new material users are enthusiastic. So far there has been only one disadvantage. Because it is stiffer, it is more difficult to close the bags by tieing the material in a knot.

Rosas Increases the Shelf life of fresh food (from 21 days) to more than 21 weeks with saving 15% of plastic film on thermoformer

Society ROSAS, specialized in renovation of packaging machines, has developed a process to obtain packages with 100% oxygen free on thermoformer machinery. This process was built on two complementary patents.

The first patent allow them to inject fluids directly inside the middle of the sealing enclosure Instead of perforating the usual holes on both sides of the plastic film. As a result, this process reduces the width of the plastic film, both on the upper and the lower rolls, and save up to 15% of film ! (More technical details on WIPO web site.) See our schematic Patent 1.

The suppression of the perforating tools has another hygienic effect. On regular thermoformer machines, these tools cannot be totally cleansed, and since they usually made of steel they contribute to "pollute" the atmosphere inside the sealing enclosure.

Rosas patent 1

This device is already in use and can be adapted on any kind of thermoformer machinery ! Among their customers using their machines and saving 15 % of plastic film we can mention:


As a extension of the first patent, the second one goes further allowing this time to introduce directly the product, solid or liquid, inside the tray sealing enclosure, under a perfect controlled atmosphere.

With a double chamber system, it is now possible to vacuum the 'tray sealing enclosure' in order to obtain 100% of Oxygen free before introducing the product. Depending on the product, this result can even be guaranty going through 3 stages (most of the time the first one being enough):

bio chicken
  • Vacuum of the enclosure removing most of the oxygen.
  • Injection gas like CO2. (This Gas absorbs automatically the oxygen molecules left behind)
  • Second vacuum of the 'Loaded' CO2

At the same time, on a separate 'controlled atmosphere' chamber, the product is also vacuumed to remove the oxygen, but also exudates, and then introduced in the plastic tray completely free of oxygen.

It is well known that removing 100 % of oxygen from the food can extend shelf life of fresh foods. (Canadian labouratory Alimentech) The difficulty being usually to succeed in obtaining a perfect vacuum while the product is already inside the tray, and then holding oxygen. (Animation) See our schematic Patent 2.

With theses patents, the length of the shelf date depends now on the quality on the plastic film once thermoformed. With a good plastic film, it could be extended from 21 days to more than 21 weeks. Some plastics makers in US are already working on this issue.

Let's imagine that the actual plastic film can last only 8 or 10 weeks, keeping fresh products between -1 and +3 degrees Celsius. No more freezer required for transportation (ship, lorry), just cold rooms keeping the product in much better quality for a longer period of time. This is also completely changing the cost of long distance transportation and without all the troubles of defrosted food.

For industrials this process has also other big advantages like the suppression of clean room since the product is directly carried inside the plastic tray. For the same raison this process is also removing the laminar flow effect in case of liquid products.

This patent is a real 'revolution' changing completely our way of Packaging, Storing and Transporting Food and Products in the world. Rosas has developed a prototype proving the efficiency of this second patent, and is still looking for partners to use those two innovations.